HARDEEP SINGH PURI has had a distinguished four-decade career in diplomacy spanning both the bilateral and the multilateral arena. He held ambassadorial posts in London (1999-2002), Brazil (2006-08), and was India's permanent representative to the UN in both Geneva (2002-05) and New York (2009-13). He presided over the UN Security Council in August 2011 and November 2012, and chaired its Counter-Terrorism Committee. He is the author of Perilous Interventions: The Security Council and The Politics of Chaos. He is presently union minister of state for housing and urban affairs in New Delhi.