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Kural

Kural

Tiruvalluvar
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A celebrated work by the greatest poet of classical Tamil literature Tiruvalluvar probably lived and wrote between the second century BC and the eighth century AD though his dates have not been conclusively established. The work by which he is known, the Kural, comprises 1,330 couplets and is divided into three sections-Virtue, Wealth and Love-and is based on the first three of the four supreme aims prescribed by Hindu tradition: dharma (virtue), artha (wealth), kama (love) and moksha (salvation). Taken together, the three books of the Kural inform, criticize and teach the reader, in brilliantly styled and pithy verse, about life, love and the ways of the world. Translated and edited with an introduction by P.S. Sundaram

Imprint: India Penguin Classics

Published: Mar/2005

ISBN: 9780144000098

Length : 168 Pages

MRP : ₹250.00

Kural

Tiruvalluvar

A celebrated work by the greatest poet of classical Tamil literature Tiruvalluvar probably lived and wrote between the second century BC and the eighth century AD though his dates have not been conclusively established. The work by which he is known, the Kural, comprises 1,330 couplets and is divided into three sections-Virtue, Wealth and Love-and is based on the first three of the four supreme aims prescribed by Hindu tradition: dharma (virtue), artha (wealth), kama (love) and moksha (salvation). Taken together, the three books of the Kural inform, criticize and teach the reader, in brilliantly styled and pithy verse, about life, love and the ways of the world. Translated and edited with an introduction by P.S. Sundaram

Select Preferred Format

Tiruvalluvar

Valluvar, one of the greatest poets in Tamil classical literature, probably lived and wrote between the second century BC and the eighth century AD. Some scholars believe that Valluvar belonged to the weaver caste, others think he was the chieftain-king of Valluvanadu in India’s deep south. A third version has it that he was born of a Brahmin father and a Harijan mother. His birthplace by tradition is held to be Myalpore in the city of Madras where there is a temple dedicated to him. There is evidence that Valluvar was influenced by the works of other literary giants of ancient India: Manu’s Dharmasastra, Kamandaka’s Nitisara, Kautilya’s Arthasastra and certain ayurvedic treatises, all of which were written in Sanskrit. Be that as it may, Valluvar’s genius lay in his use of Tamil to create the striking imagery, aphorisms and poetry of the Kural. The Kural, comprising 1,330 couplets, deals with the first three of the four purushaarthas, the supreme aims of life: dharma (virtue), artha (wealth), kama (love) and moksha (salvation). However, Valluvar omitted moksha from the Kural because (it has been suggested) if the maxims laid down for the attainment of the first three goals were followed diligently, salvation would follow automatically.

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