APJ Abdul Kalam
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was one of India’s most distinguished scientists,
responsible for the development of the country’s first satellite launch vehicle
and the operationalization of strategic missiles. He also pioneered India
Vision 2020, a road map for transforming India. The President of India
between 2002 and 2007, Dr Kalam was awarded honorary doctorates from
thirty-eight universities and the country’s three highest civilian honours-
the Padma Bhushan (1981), Padma Vibhushan (1990) and Bharat Ratna
(1997). A prolific and bestselling author, he conducted lectures on societal
development in many international institutes and was involved in research
on different societal missions. Dr Kalam passed away in July 2015.
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